According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report (2018), Ghana generates 30,000 tonnes of solid waste daily and eighty-six percent of the wastes are renewable through recycling. The report also points out clearly that Ghana can generate Eighty-three billion Ghana Cedis annually from recycling waste. The report was made at a multi-stakeholder waste resource platform meeting in Accra organized by the UNDP.
The UNDP, Ghana, also noted that the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) could not be met unless waste management and recovery were given priority. It was also indicated that globally, there are more than seven billion people who produce waste every day. A staggering half of that waste is not collected; treated or safely disposed off and is causing a global waste crises.
According to a consultant, Ms. Heather Troutman, one of the challenges that causes Ghana’s waste situation is the under-development of domestic market for waste plastics which has saturated the country. Others are financial constraints, attitudes and behaviour of people, and the lack of data in the area of waste management. A good initiative would help improve on information flow, facilitate the development of new business models for waste recovery and re-use, strengthen coordination and collaboration to address waste challenges and also support timely and accurate data collection and strategic planning and investment.
The 1995 World Health Organization (WHO) report stated clearly that, the occurrence of paratyphoid diseases are mainly caused by poor disposal of garbage worldwide with annual estimated incidence of about seventeen million cases and six-hundred thousand deaths. Improper garbage disposal seems to be one of the global challenges facing developing countries. This is because as long as people live they generate waste. In Ghana, waste disposal has been a hard battle for the government; several attempts have been made by the authorities and stakeholders to solve this issue. The government has been urged to invest heavily in waste disposal in order to avoid huge money being spent treating preventable diseases caused by improper waste disposal.
To reduce waste generation and control the increasing rate of filth in the market places, there is the need for the authorities to provide waste bins at some vantage points to collect garbage produced by the market women and their customers on daily basis.
By: Jerry John Campbell